The free trade agreement between the United States and Australia invites the importer to assert a preferential duty. The importer may therefore request this information from the exporter. The exporter (seller) may confirm, in a non-mandatory format, the reasons why the goods are considered “originating goods” that the importer can use to validate his claim. It is advisable to cooperate with your importer and provide a written origin declaration to your importer upon request. The U.S.-Chile Free Trade Agreement provides for a reduction in tariffs on certain products originating in and traded between the United States and Chile. It is the responsibility of the Chilean importer to receive preferential treatment for a given lot at the time of customs clearance of the goods. (Under the U.S.-Chile Free Trade Agreement, the ultimate responsibility for the validity of the claim rests with the importer and not the exporter, as is the case with NAFTA.) To claim the preferential rate of duty, the importer must submit to Chilean law a written declaration which may or may not be presented in the form of a certificate of origin. A free-form certification can be used as an alternative to the presentation of the Certificate of Origin by Chilean producers and exporters, as well as by US importers, if they certify that their products meet the requirements of the Chilean Free Trade Agreement. To qualify, a product must be considered an “original product” in accordance with the terms of the agreement. This means that the product must have sufficient content or processing in the United States or Australia to meet the criteria of the agreement. If the goods contain only U.S. or Australian intermediate consumption, they qualify.
If they contain certain intermediate consumption from other countries, they could nevertheless be eligible if they fulfil certain criteria defined in the rules of origin of the agreement. Previously, companies had to upload a certificate of origin form, enter the information manually, print, sign, provide or deliver the form to a Chamber of Commerce office, wait for it to be verified and signed by the competent chamber agent, return or return it to the company office and send the signed and certified documents to the importer. Despite the fact that the final responsibility for the declaration lies with the importer, the necessary information to support the declaration must, in most cases, be provided by the exporting producer. Support information (e.g.B. Certificates of origin which are following a claim for preferential treatment may be provided by the exporter, importer or producer of the products. If this supporting information is not produced by the manufacturer (i.e. by the importer or exporter), it must be based either on a certificate of origin issued by the manufacturer or (2) on the knowledge of the exporter or importer that the goods are considered to be originating. In other words, the importer needs a lot of the support and cooperation of U.S. suppliers to make accurate and well-documented origin declarations. Most countries accept a general certificate of origin form containing information on the exporter and importer, the description and harmonized customs code of the goods, and the country of origin.
These certificates are usually issued by the exporter and certified by the local Chamber of Commerce….